Interleukin-4 receptor subunit alpha(IL-4RA), alos known as Soluble IL-4 receptor subunit alpha, belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family and type 4 subfamily. It expressed in both Th1 and Th2 cells. It functions as receptor for both interleukin 4 and interleukin 13 and couples to the JAK1/2/3-STAT6 pathway. The IL4 response is involved in promoting Th2 differentiation. The IL4/IL13 responses are involved in regulating IgE production and chemokine and mucus production at sites of allergic inflammation. In certain cell types, IL-4RA can signal through activation of insulin receptor substrates, IRS1/IRS2. The functional IL4 receptor is formed by initial binding of IL4 to IL4R. Subsequently it recruits to the complex of the common gamma chain. In immune cells, IL-4RA creates a type I receptor. In non-immune cells, it forms a type II receptor with of IL13RA1. IL4R can also interact with the IL13/IL13RA1 complex to form a similar type II receptor and interacts with the SH2-containing phosphatases, PTPN6/SHIP1, PTPN11/SHIP2 and INPP5D/SHIP.