Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate Isomerase 2 (IDI2) belongs to the IPP isomerase type 1 family. Both isozymes, IDI1 and IDI2 are localized to the peroxisome by a PTS1-dependent pathway. IDI2 is expressed in skeletal muscle, which contains one nudix hydrolase domain. IDI2 binds one magnesium per subunit. IDI2 catalyzes the 1,3-allylic rearrangement of the homoallylic substrate isopentenyl (IPP) to its highly electrophilic allylic isomer, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). It is reported that IDI2 is regulated independently from IDI1, by a mechanism that may involve PPAR-α.