TREX1 Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal Antibody IgG
Fig1: Western blot analysis of TREX1 on different cell lysates using anti-TREX1 at 1/500 dilution.
Line 1: A431
Line 2: SK-Br-3
Fig2: ICC staining TREX1 in Hela cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.
Fig3: ICC staining TREX1 in LOVO cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.
Host Species; Species ReactivityRabbit; Human
ImmunogenRecombinant protein within human TREX1 aa 100-300.
Purification; FormulationProA affinity purified; 1*TBS (pH7.4), 1%BSA, 40%Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.; Liquid form.
ALTnamesThree-prime repair exonuclease 1, 3'-5' exonuclease TREX1, Deoxyribonuclease III
BackgroundMajor cellular 3'-to-5' DNA exonuclease which digests single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) with mismatched 3' termini. Prevents cell-intrinsic initiation of autoimmunity. Acts by metabolizing DNA fragments from endogenous retroelements, including L1, LTR and SINE elements. Unless degraded, these DNA fragments accumulate in the cytosol and activate the IFN-stimulatory DNA (ISD) response and innate immune signaling. Prevents chronic ATM-dependent checkpoint activation, by processing ssDNA polynucleotide species arising from the processing of aberrant DNA replication intermediates. Inefficiently degrades oxidized DNA, such as that generated upon antimicrobial reactive oxygen production or upon absorption of UV light. During GZMA-mediated cell death, contributes to DNA damage in concert with NME1. NME1 nicks one strand of DNA and TREX1 removes bases from the free 3' end to enhance DNA damage and prevent DNA end reannealing and rapid repair.(ET7108-16)