BackgroundInterleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL-1RN) is a member of the IL-1 family. Endogenous IL-1RN is produced in numerous animal disease models as well as in human autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. It binds to IL-1 receptors in competition with IL-1, but does not elicit intracellular response from this binding. Its role in counteracting the proinflammatory effects of IL-1 is being studied by numerous research groups. IL-4 and IL-13 have been shown to amplify the stimulatory effect of IL1-beta on the production of soluble and intracellular forms of IL-1RN. The regulated expression of IL-1RN in various cell types has been shown to be influenced by cytokines. In synovial fibroblasts, IL-1, TNF-alpha, or PDGF markedly enhances the synthesis of IL-1RN.
FormulationLyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 50mM TrisHCl, 200mM NaCl, pH 7.5.
ALTnamesInterleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Protein, IL-1RN, IL-1ra, IRAP, ICIL-1RA, IL1 Inhibitor, Anakinra, IL1RN, IL1F3, IL1RA